Biomechanics is the study of the mechanical laws relating to the movement or structure of living organisms. This blog post will attempt to link Newtons laws to the components of a volleyball spike. Volleyball is a complex game involving a simplistic set of skills. According to VSA 2015 indoor volleyball is one of the most dynamic electrifying and fast paced games at an elite and competitive level.
Early studies of volleyball biomechanics described the gross motor pattern of the spike. 2,8,21,29 In addition, a few studies focused on upper extremity kinematics during the spike—correlating shoulder and elbow motion with ball velocity, 8 hand velocity, 7 and jump height. 31,33 Two studies also determined the muscle activation patterns involved in spiking and serving. 22,27
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The Biomechanics of the Volleyball Spike / Attack. Sport Biomechanics Mark Mann 12/11/08 The Biomechanics of the Volleyball Spike / Attack The following biomechanics project was designed to be a review of literature related to the most important skill in volleyball, the overhead spike, or attack. The literature has been reviewed and select articles dealing with the various components of the overhead spike are presented as exemplary and representative of the kids of biomechanical analyses ...
The actions of volleyball are a complex combination of strength, power, agility, and finesse. Each of these components is comprised of complex, small movements, the summations of which are synchronized acts of striking the volleyball in a desired fashion. The volleyball spike is a perfect example of this and, when executed correctly, is one of the most exciting shots in the game.
A volleyball spike consists of four key components, preparation/take off, contact, follow through and landing. For the player to generate the utmost amount of power when spiking, they will need to summate the forces as one to make them a flowing movement.
The volleyball spike entails 7 different phases; the preparation phase or the run-in (generating controllable speed); landing (impact absorption); impulse drive (horizontal to vertical momentum transfer); airborne phase of preparation (as ballistic); hitting phase (as ballistic); airborne phase to landing – airborne recovery (as ballistic) and landing (to absorb impact, control deceleration and prepare for next move) (Bartlett, 2007).
Biomechanics of a Volleyball Spike Biomechanics of a Volleyball Spike Introduction One of the most exciting moves in volleyball to watch and to execute is the spike. The tall players with a high vertical jump ability execute the spike the best. To make this maneuver most difficult to return, the projectile (volleyball) is launched from an angle below the horizontal at high speeds.
In conclusion, in order to optimize the power & accuracy of the spike, these biomechanics are applied. The volleyball spike is made up of 4 stages including; the preparation phase which generates the momentum and force, the jump which is an example of reactionary force against the ground and finally the arm swing and the contact phase which is a mixture of a pushing force, reactionary force as well as hitting above the center of mass to generate top spin which causes a forward moving ball ...
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